Fort Miamis - Maumee
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Fort Miamis - Maumee

British soldiers constructed Fort Miamis in 1794. British authorities feared that Anthony Wayne and his army planned to march against Fort Detroit, a major stronghold. Located fifty-five miles to the south of Detroit, Fort Miamis provided an additional obstacle to Wayne. Fort Miamis also afforded the British additional means to solidify Native American support against the white Americans moving into the Ohio Country.

Although Fort Miamis was quite formidable, it had little impact on Wayne’s plans. His sole intention was to conquer Native Americans along the Maumee River. As Wayne marched against the natives in August 1794, the Indians pleaded for the British to assist them. The English refused. At the Battle of Fallen Timbers on August 20, Wayne’s army easily defeated the natives. The Indians fled to Fort Miamis for protection, but the British refused them entrance. England’s refusal greatly harmed its relationship with the Native Americans.

On August 21, Wayne followed the natives to Fort Miamis. There, he ordered the British to surrender immediately. The English garrison refused. Realizing the fort would be difficult to attack, Wayne retreated to Fort Defiance. The fort remained under British control until the end of the War of 1812. At that point, England finally fulfilled its treaty obligations from the American Revolution and removed all of its soldiers from the United States.